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The truth about sports drinks, and how to prepare it at home

I recently spoke about the hydration needs of the body , and why we must question universal recommendations as ‘ drink two liters of water a day ‘. In the case of hydration for athletes , the enormous commercial interests still generate more confusion.

Those who are dedicated to the sport constantly hear messages like: ‘ prehidrátate ‘, ‘ drink before you are thirsty ‘, ‘ teach your body to tolerate more fluid ‘, ‘ your brain does not know that you are thirsty ‘, ‘ performance worsened when lose some liquid ‘…

Like many other dogmas (such as low-fat diets), this  folly  is recent . In fact in thae 70 runners they did not take much water for fear that the extra weight and excessive perspiration the slow down. The drink stalls in the marathons were scarce (and at that time drink = water), and certainly not considered necessary in the first half of the race.Complete a marathon without water was the ultimate goal , the true test of fitness.Cyclists outnumbered 6-7 hours of a stage of the Tour de France with no more than 4 bottles of water; He not recommended more, and there is no evidence that this practice was dangerous. Nobody died of dehydration.

The fashion of aerobics  and marathons changed everything. It created a huge market that companies initially took sneakers ( causing more injuries that prevent ). Beverage manufacturers did not want to be left behind, and invented a new concept sports drinks.

To create a new industry around this invention should convince achieve two things:

  1. We can not trust our thirst.
  2. Water is not the best way of hydration.

Amazingly, they succeeded. It is estimated that sports drinks industry represent more than 2,000 million dollars in 2014 ( report ).

How did they do? With a known technique, whose pillars are:

  1. Invent an enemy . In this case dehydration. Despite the lack of evidence that dehydration was a problem for athletes, it seemed logical and tangible. Everyone knows that when you exercise you sweat. Associating sweat dehydration and fatigue in the public mind seemed feasible.
  2. Sell the solution . Which of course is a drink with electrolytes to recover you lose in sweat. And since we add sugar, flavoring and coloring to make it addictive.
  3. Wrap the product with some ‘science’ : To which must finance studies, paying doctors, create centers with serious names (such as Gatorade Institute of Sports Science) that give some credibility, and sponsor round tables, for example the American College of Sports Medicine ( detail ). The result is a number of articles published, of questionable quality, but with names of doctors recognized behind, all receiving generous contributions.
  4. Hazle good marketing: launch campaigns to equip themselves with glamor to theproduct, they do different, superior. This is easy. At the end of the day they compete with boring and tasteless water. You only pay millions to the great stars (from Jordan to Mesi), to the big chain gyms to promote your products, and just to be sure, is sponsoring a few events and Olympic Games.

Their contributions obtained that institutions such as the American College of Sports Medicine to recommend ” drink as much liquid as you can tolerate , ” and drink stalls were required at each mile marathons.

As much as overstate the risks of dehydration, the reality is that the cases reported in endurance tests have always been extremely rare. However, there is concern over increasing cases of hyponatremia , sometimes with fatal. Hyponatremia is caused by drinking too much , not drinking enough. This  study  talks about 13% of runners with symptoms of hyponatremia associated with intake of more than 3 liters of water during the race, which is not difficult if you drink a bit at each position.

We have been so brainwashed with exaggerated risks of dehydration when someone vanishes in a marathon symptoms of hyponatremia everyone assumes you are dehydrated (a much less common condition), and the first thing they do is give more liquid, magnifying the problem.

Recognizing the dangers of its former recommendations, the  American College of Sports Medicine withdrew his recommendation to drink as much as possible in 2007, but it remains the technique used by many.

Again, listen to your thirst is the best way to avoid problems.


Although it is impossible to know the habits of hydration of our ancestors, it seems logical that did not drink every few kilometers. They had no how.

If there is a group on earth that excels in endurance races they are Kenyans. An interesting study recently on hydration gives us some clues of what might be considered normal in especially active populations. According to observations of investigators, Kenyan runners ” do not consume fluids before or during training, and infrequently consume significant amounts of fluids right after training .”

Despite fluids lost during training, the recovery of body weight the next day is full , fruit drink ad libitum (until they are thirsty) during the afternoon. That is, listening toyour thirst with pinpoint accuracy recover lost fluids without the complex formulas of Gatorade . And what drink? Mainly water and tea with milk.

I’m not saying that this is the secret of Kenyans nor milk tea is the new drink of champions. There are certainly genetic factors, but it is clear that our body is pretty well adapted to exercise without a continuous supply of liquid, and drinking their fill is probably better idea to force yourself to drink without thirst.

Sports drinks and performance

Understanding so that you will not die if not constantly drink while you work (or simply drink when you are thirsty), the next natural question about sports drinks is … do theyhelp you perform better? .

If the history of Kenyan runners have not convinced you, let’s see what some studies (not funded by manufacturers) say.

A study in 10 American football players found no significant differences in any of the performance parameters analyzed.

This  meta – study  (which analyzes five previous studies) concludes that drink according to thirst offers better performance than drinking above or below . It also indicates that there is no impact on performance even with a loss of 4.5% liquid.

Textually “… use thirst as an indicator of thirst for regulating fluid intake maximizes performance …”. Interesting.

To be fair, many studies analyzing the performance are based on tests shorter than one hour, where glycogen stores can provide all the energy needed.  reviews of 17 studieswith wider ranges of time in physical activity (up to 4 hours) concludes that there isprobably no performance benefit in activities under 70 minutes and the improvement is likely but not significant in activities that last longer.

Some studies are more favorable in improving performance from the second hour (review ), but the effect is due to the supply of glucose, not liquid . As I mentioned in ‘what to eat before and after training? ‘If your body runs out of glycogen, fatigue is immediate, and it is reasonable to think that an extra supply of carbohydrate help to delay the time. But we need to pay the price of gold?

And do not forget that we can streamline the use of glycogen through food and doing some workouts on an empty stomach , instead of abusing foreign drinks and gels. Of course another option is not advisable to run for 3 hours straight :).

Messages absurdities manufacturers

A recent revision of propaganda (masquerading as science) of sports products made by the council of evidence – based medicine gives us an idea of the bias that exists in the publications that try to convince us of the benefits of these products, and sports drinks they are a good example. In his review they concluded that “l to current evidence is not of sufficient quality to inform the public about the benefits or risks of sports products. It is necessary to improve the quality of investigations . ”

To get an idea of manipulation of these companies, just read some articles supported by the Institute of Sport Science Gatorade (Pepsi product) . Rescue some gems:

When we are ejercitándonos and we feel that we can no more there is a reason: we are dehydrated ” (source ) .

INMESA In most cases, when you feel that you can no longer, the problem is dehydration, but the lack of glycogen.

By losing even a small amount of body fluids (eg 1% of body weight) can reduce performance “( source ).

This message, in an article titled ‘Do not trust your thirst “is clearly misleading, and does not match objective studies, such as those discussed above.

Gatorade is better than water, water has no taste and is a challenge for most active people consume enough during exercise to stay well hydrated “( source ).

If you need to taste to drink, not thirsty. This technique of using additives (sweeteners, colorings …) to make the most attractive drink is simply a hoax.

When dogs and cats are dehydrated during exercise and given the opportunity to drink water, drink quickly to regain the lost water. The behavior of fluid intake in humans appears to be much more complicated “( source ).

Wow, it must be that all animals have a good sense of the least human thirst. However, most studies ( example ) show that our thirst is as reliable as that of other animals.Surprising.


Assuming that consumption of sports drinks can serve some use for athletes competing in endurance of several hours, it seems clear that this is not the target audience. It is too small a market. The goal of these companies is that everyone consume their drinks.

The vast majority of the population is exercising less than an hour ( do not recommend more ) and sports drinks for them have no sense.

Although this is very common to see people in the gym that will run on the treadmill fora while and make their sessions machines with its Powerade bottle in hand. Believe me, they have little risk of dehydration, and the intensity  is not enough to consume glycogen stores.

For them these drinks are actually counterproductive. Do not forget that a typical 600 ml sports drink provides about 140 calories , more than many people burn walking on the treadmill half an hour, without considering that inject glucose through exercise inhibits fat burning. And then they wonder why they do not achieve results.

And even more worrying. In recent years , manufacturers are putting emphasis on children (their great future customers), convincing parents that schools and sports drinks are better than water. Textually Gatorade ( source ).

[notice] “… the kids love it and, most importantly, quickly returns them fluids and electrolytes. Under normal conditions, children can take whatever they want , without being critical to achieving a balanced diet or not. Gatorade contains half the sugar -containing fruit juices, regular soft drinks and juices dilutable. All children under 1 year may take Gatorade at the stage of weaning , when they begin to consume fruit juices and other drinks “[/ notice]

Gatorade is definitely the best in the stage of weaning without words … Soon we’ll see kids running around at recess with Gatorade on hand.


Beyond all the marketing and pseudoscience, a sports drink is simply a mixture of water, electrolytes and sugars .

My favorite sports drink is coconut water containing electrolytes (such as potassium and magnesium), a little sugar and vitamins. If it is not easy to get where you live, and you really need totrain many hours, can make you a homemade sports drink , saving money and avoiding eating much more industrial colourants and flavorings needed.


  • One liter of water , the magic component.
  • Half teaspoon of salt to replenish sodium.
  • Half teaspoon of baking soda . In addition to the extra intake of sodium it is believed to help reduce lactic acid and delay muscle fatigue ( studies ).
  • The juice of 2 lemons , in addition to improving the taste and preservative act brings more electrolytes such as potassium.
  • A spoonful of sugar , for its supply of glucose and fructose, which help replenish glycogen stores. You can use more depending on the duration of exercise, but if the goal is weight loss, moderate. In any case, you have to spend a lot to get to the level which provides an industrial sports drink.

Some prefer to use honey instead of sugar , but provides more fructose than glucose are no studies that support their ability to improve performance in endurance ( article ).

In short, sports drinks contribute nothing to the vast majority of people who do not train for hours, and even those who do can achieve the same result naturally and economically.

Five tasty recipes, ideal for pre-competition meal for Chess players

What we eat before a competition can greatly influence our performance, therefore, the intake should meet some particular characteristics. Today with our fellow Directo al Paladar with the use of Recipe costing software, he bring five tasty recipes, ideal for pre -competition meal :

    • Macaroni with vegetables : a mode of sauce pasta, cooked vegetables we can use for a food easy to digest , with complex carbohydrates and low in fat. In addition, the recipe includes some prosciutto adds protein in an appropriate amount for food before competing.
    • Rice with rabbit: Rabbit offers lean protein, while rice and vegetables are the source of complex carbohydrates we need before a big effort. In addition, it contains lots of fat and preparation is easy to digest.
    • Light Tortilla chips: is nothing more than the combination of potato carbohydrate with protein and fat derived egg, but this time, we subtract a lot of fat when preparing boiled and no fries. Therefore, it can be a good meal before competing.

Rice With Rabbit

  • Pizza zucchini and smoked salmon: a homemade dough with flour and cover with some good fats derived from salmon as well as cooked courgettes not hinder digestion, this preparation of low glycemic index is ideal for before begin the effort.
  • Whole wheat pasta with roasted peppers and tapenade: the whole wheat pasta provides low – glycemic carbohydrates that provide energy for longer, while we have healthy fats derived from tapenade and minerals as well as characteristics of the ingredients of the dish vitamins.

As you can see, these recipes are easy to digest, do not have an excessive amount of fiber and also have low fat and protein as well as a large proportion of complex carbohydrates which are those that provide energy for the competition.

Remember to never innovate before a race, therefore, you can try these recipes before the big day and then taste them at least a couple of hours before exercise, as pre – competition meal .

Tactical battery issue – Chess

In chess it is called battery formation consisting of two pieces of the same side, one of which obstructs the scope of the action that can deploy the other. The advantage is that when the first moves, the joint action of both can be lethal to the enemy, since the action of the first piece is enhanced by the threats that can create the second.

Chess: horse-battery alfil
Battery horse-alfil

Therefore, the action generated by a battery can be decisive , since it constitutes a means of making a double attack by a single movement. In the diagram above, the battery is made by the bishop g2 and f1 horse. What are the threats that can display both pieces?

If we look at the position we realize that before any movement of the horse , the bishopattack the rook a8. However, many of the movements of the horse not decisive as Black can defend with the move 1 … Rd8. But what happens if White plays 1.Cg5! ?

Such a move means that Black can not move the tower and the horse with the ladyhave deployed a threat to kill (Dxh7 ++) and Black must defend it, therefore the black rook is lost.

In the second diagram us Find yourselves a battery formed by the lady-horse couple, it is a construction that players who are initiating the intricacies of chess not usually know and that occurs with some frequency.

Chess: battery horse-lady
Battery horse-lady

The bishop of f3 is not defended by any of its parts while the situation of the ladies, with unprotected white lady, is a tactical element to value. This makes Black can take advantage playing 1.Cd4! . White can capture the horse, but then lose their lady now threatened by the other lady who displays his action after moving horse. Therefore, White has nothing better than playing 2.Dxd7 what white responds with 2 … Cxf3 + .The horse gives intermediate check leaving them with extra piece, because if White plays 3.Rg2 threatening the horse, then follow 3 … Cxe1 + with check again, leaving the way clear to white to recover the lady with 4 … Rxd7 (in this case the black tower left with advantage, so that the least culpable for black is the variant 3.Rf1 Rxd7 4.Te3 Ng5 and the advantage remains in only one piece) .

In the diagram below, for heading Gheorghiu – Uhlmann (Bulgaria, 1968), you can see another typical combination that occurs as a result of releasing the action of a hidden piece after another.

Chess: bishop battery-tower
Battery bishop-tower

1. Qxf6! , White speculate that after 1 … gxf6, the bishop comes in battery-tower 2.Tg4 + Kh8 3.Axc6, leaving white with a piece of lead. So Uhlmann decided to continue with1 … Qxe4 , a move that does not solve anything because after 2. Qxf7 +! 3. exf7 + Rxf7 Kxf7 4. Bxe4 white piece also end with Uhlmann advantage and decided to leave.

In the diagram below, for heading Boleslavsky-Teschner (Hamburg, 1960), we find a position where White can take the battery formed by tower and lady.

Chess: Battery tower-lady
Battery tower-lady

Boleslavsky resolved the playing position 1.Cg6 + , taking advantage of the fact that after 1 … Txg6 the action unfold white tower with 2.Dxc5 + check, checkmate winning the lady to be threatened by the tower. For this reason Teschner continued 1 … fxg6that allows continue 2.Df4 + , the tower again threatens the lady, 2 … Rf6 (if 2 … Qf7 3.Dxd6 + Kg8 4.Axg6 with decisive advantage) 3.Txe8 + Axe8 (if 3 … Rxe8 4.Db8 + Kd7 5.f3 with decisive advantage) 4.Db8 and Teschner left.

In closing I leave a couple of problems related to the tactical issue of battery:
Chess game Verlinsky – Rabinovich (Leningrad, 1925) .
Pedinero chess game – Rommer (Madrid, 1984) .

Read more about CPAP Batteries.


Chess is a science game for some sport, played in all countries of the world, as well as in the media and entertainment, where he moved to the Film and Television.
The following movies can be see here movie2kExamples of movies and series.
A Chess Dispute (A dispute chess), 1903 film.

11 2 3

Sherlock Holmes : Game of shadows .  Moriarty  and  Holmes  play a game of speed chess  with  five minutes  of  time  and  metaphorically  associated movements of the pieces with the actions that each took against another, finding  Holmes  in a hurry and finally making a  sacrifice  in the game and in life to make one last push with movement and  Moriarty  by a  precipice .
Chess Fever  (Shakhmatnaya Goryachka,  1925 ) is a short silent film in which the obsession with chess of the protagonist causes serious problems. Most notable of the film may be the appearance of the then world champion, Jose Raul Capablanca , besides other great teachers of the time.45
It check to madness , is an English film in 1960, directed by  Gerd Oswald , starring  Curd Jürgens , which tells the story of a dissident scientist Nazism is forced to remain locked, and private reading not keep alive his mind. In one of the exits to the infirmary steals a book by a window. What hidden in his clothes. Whenreturns to his room with great disappointment proves to be a text of chess.Having nothing more, he resigns himself and begins to read it and practice with bread balls. When discovered, he snatched the book, but already has memorized everything, and plays only with the mind, on a board that is reflected on the wall by the sun and which corresponds to the bars of the window. Upon his release, after a while, it takes a train which goes a World Chess Championship (Mario Adorf)who reluctantly agrees to play a game with an old man who requests. While playing, scientific approaches and, as in the end, it suggests the old man to play a particular piece, it does win and causes checkmate the champion. The scientist takes in his hand the part of the king and exclaimed: “This is the first time I take a chess piece.”22
The Chess Players  (Shatranj ke Khilari,  1977 ) is a drama set in India in 1856, it tells the story of a chess game between two upperclass men inmiddle of the first anticolonial uprisings in India against the British Empire.
There is a film whose main theme chess, and my understanding is one of the best on the subject, and that is based on the real life of MI Josh Waitkin is  Searching for Bobby Fischer  ( Searching for Bobby Fischer , 1993) , also called  Innocent Moves . Narrates the chess beginnings in the childhood of the  International Master  American  Josh Waitzkin , and is based on the book of the same name written by his father, Fred Waitzkin. Tells the story of how Josh Waitzkin is seen as the successor to Bobby Fischer , and how it is driven to it by his coach ( Bruce Pandolfini ), while learning of street players an aggressive and tactical style, refusing to see Fischer as a example.

43rd International Chess Tournament of La Roda, Grigoryan champion. Good final day for Valencia. final and most chronic



He finished the 43rd International Chess Tournament of La Roda, which was held from 23 to 27 March, proclaiming himself winner Karen Grigoryan Armenian.

They have distributed a total of 11,000 euros and 18 trophies as prizes for the overall standings, sections of ELO FIDE, provincial and local classification classification.

In this edition we have broken all records for participation with a total 300 players from 16 countries: Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, England, Israel, Italy, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Serbia, Ukraine, Venezuela and Spain

We also have the presence of international graduates 63 players: 16 Grandmasters, International Masters in August, 1 International Master, FIDE Masters 32 and 6 FIDE Masters.

As a preamble to the final round birthday Alcoy teacher Hector Gomez …

a final round of great excitement then lived to see who would come out winner of the tournament. Finally, luck fell on the side of the Grand Master Karen Grigoryan 7.5 points, who surpassed half a point to a group of 10 players.

The young player of Armenia and completed a stratospheric comeback, as did draw in the first round against the No. 148 player rankings. Grigoryan afford to make quick draw in the last game against GM Baklan, hoping that no pursuer won his departure, since tiebreakers would hurt him face the final classification allowed. Finally this occurred and claimed victory.

2nd place went to the GM Julio Granda, a player who has won more times in La Roda with 4 wins, who tried by all means to win the GM Popovic that auparía the first place. However, the Serbian player, with very little time on the clock, defended very accurate in a final with minor pieces and pawns, and ended in a draw.

The 3rd place went to Manuel Perez Candelario GM after winning in a spectacular game at MF Ismael Alshameary Seville. Candelario sacrificed two pawns on the kingside and mounted an attack on the rival monarch who granted victory.

In the remaining items that players faced with options to get first place, GM Aramis – Bachmann GM and GM Greenfeld – MI Stella, tables were signed. Quite common in this type of tournaments in which players face contrast level in the last round at the head of the table. If nothing happens decisive in opening, fatigue and pressure often push players to early draws.

To emphasize that the young Spanish promise, the Andalusian MF Miguel Santos, got his third norm of International Master, and obtain the coveted title.

The best female players ranked were: WMF Marta García with 5.5 points followed by WIM Niala Collazo and WMF Laura Collado, both with 5 points.

The prizes for the ELO corresponded sections: sub 1 2200, the Portuguese Carlos Dantas with 6 points;Sub 1 2000, the Murcian Francisco J. Ramallo with 5.5 points; and sub 1 1800, the Catalan player Roger Aldoma with 5 points.

At the provincial level, the first place was the albaceteño MF José Vicente Jimenez (29th overall) who made a good tournament with a total of 6 points. Villarrobledo player Julian Fernandez Seco was the second classified, also with a score of 6 points, and third place went to the player Tarazona Juan Antonio Picazo with 5.5 points.

The local classification was led from start to finish by Luis Buendia Morcillo, after a good start to the tournament with 4.5 points, followed by Jose Angel Martinez and Jose Francisco Ruiz Maestro Sotoca, both with 4 points. Local sub 1 was Miguel Molina Martinez 14 with 3.5 points.

As for the organizational aspect, led by Andres Martinez, we can say that this issue 43 has been the most successful in the history of the tournament. Not only for the records of participation and graduates, but also because this year we released two major developments that have worked very well as the live broadcast of the 8 most important games of each round and the new web ( ) with all the tournament information: news, photos, history etc. In fact, the data that provides the web are striking: in 5 days of the tournament website registered Over 20,000 page views in 63 countries around the world! All this made during these five days we lived an excellent chess environment where both players and fans enjoyed the most of this sport.

Final standings:

1 Grigoryan (Armenia) with 7.5 points; 2nd Granda (Peru), 3rd Candelario (Extremadura), 4th Aramis (Cuba), 5th Bachmann (Paraguay), 6th Popovic (Serbia), 7 Baklan (Ukraine), 8th Greenfeld (Israel), 9th Plakett (England), 10th López (Barcelona), 11th Stella (Italy), all with 7 points.

The closing ceremony was held with the presence of the authorities: the mayor of La Roda, Vicente Aroca;the director general of sports Regional Government of Castile-La Mancha, Juan Ramón Amores; President of the Club Polideportivo La Roda, Constantino Berruga; Councilman Sports City of La Roda, Eduardo Martinez; and the representative of the Rodens Goods Ruiz, Eloy Avendaño.

Thank again its support for the tournament sponsors: the City of La Roda, Albacete Provincial Council, Regional Government of Castile-La Mancha, La Roda and Globalcaja Foundation Paintings Jafep. And major contributors Club Polideportivo La Roda, Chess Federation of Castilla-La Mancha, Paints Macy, Products Ruiz, Bodegas Ortega, Hotel-Restaurant Flor de la Mancha, Hotel Juanito Hotel-Restaurant and Dream Jemik.  All tournament information: news articles, list of players, pairings, results, standings, games, etc., can be converted to pdf, visit hush hush pdf.

You know how many calories are burned playing chess?

Chess tournaments and card games like bridge and poker always covered in the sports pages of newspapers or the corresponding section in the news.

Not for less. Players of “science game” as the bridge and poker, always accuse an enormous fatigue, both physical and mental, after a long match.

However, there are those who question the label “sport” is placed in such activities, since they argue that do not involve physical effort.

Recently, Sports England , the government body that governs the sport in England, refused to grant funds to the national organization of bridge, Inglés Bridge Union, arguing that a sport should be an “activity with the aim of improving physical fitness and welfare “ .

Read: What they have in common boxing and chess?

BridgeImage copyrightGETTY
Image captionbridge players can spend up to nine hours sitting in a game. That, they say, requires effort.

According to the calculations of a book on exercise physiology, a person weighing 70 kilos burn 105 calories per hour playing cards (while burn about 400 if Imounted bicycle brisk, for example), if you do like recreation in instead of being in a high – level tournament.

According to Mark Burnley, professor of sports and exercise at the University of Kent in southern England, it is “essentially identical in terms of energy expenditure” to sit still during the same period .

Heather Dhondy, member of the English team of bridge, acknowledges that “does not involve much physical activity” but, anyway, requires having a good physical condition, because people “can spend up to nine hours a day playing” .

Read: Why the bridge is the only card game considered a sport?

The chess grandmasters consume 6,000 to 7,000 calories a day when they are in competition , says Robert Sapolsky, professor of neurology at Stanford University in California, USA

” They generate a massive psychological stress simply by thinking . They do the same thing as a beast just open the stomach to its biggest rival, but everything is done with thinking, memory and emotion.”

The correspondent of the Daily Telegraph chess, Malcolm Pein, has noticed that players taking  Pastillas para Bajar de Peso Rapidamente during tournaments .

Chess tournament
Image captionThe great chess masters often trotting or swim as part of their physical training.

“It’s like being in finals for nine consecutive days, each test lasting five hours and the questions changing every moment.”

The matches played against the clock also require skill , he adds, recalling that once had to make three moves in a second because they had run out of time allotted.

Leah experts games better use the brain

However, Burnley is skeptical about the caloric figures speaking Sapolsky.

“That’s the kind of level would be expected to run a stage of the Tour de France” .

Whatever the caloric production during a tournament, it is very common for elite chess players swim or trot as part of their physical training.

The best poker players train more and eat well to improve endurance.

But Burnley argues that there is “little evidence” to show that physical fitness improves performance in chess, poker or bridge.

But Pein disagrees: “I stopped playing chess after turning 40. I could not stand the pace for more than four hours. Demand much physically .”

Cuba is the queen in chess and beauty

 Hall of FENAG in the capital Guatemalteca was performed with success the Central American and Caribbean women, attended by 40 chess players from five federations the area, with the majority (33) as dictated manuals, host representatives.
One of the foreign seven Cuban Lisandra WMI Llaudi Pupo won the tournament nine rounds with a score of 8.5, giving tables to which, ultimately was runner-up the Guatemalan Claudia Mencos also onde comprar lift x creme.
Ninety minutes thirty seconds was the tempo and was arbitrated by the International AI Erick Hernandez, who obligingly packed suitcases, I take a couple of Cadejos beer, also threw primer The Laws of Chess, he taught the ballot in the long torturous borders Central and faster than light was already on the other side and as always, no fuss, took out a clean and unblemished tournament.
Ah ….. sorry, before I forget, for what some still wishfully think that women ‘s chess is lower, the Llaudi also a blitz is aimed at the end of the tournament and came and there were 67 full – length pimponeros and among them, or many of them, the first led by the living legend MI Carlos Juarez and Cuba division simply does not see the twists and also won that award

SEO: Relationship between Web Positioning and Chess


Although I am now quite out of practice, boy always played games of chess with my father, although I never won a game until today I think I have to thank that experience the taste for difficult challenges.

The idea of this article came from seo expert gold coast – is to compare the different elements that make up the web positioning with chess pieces, our opponent would be our competition playing with the same parts that we … finally after all is a game of wit and anticipate the moves of opponent.

You might forget me some details or give the value of each element is very much based only on my own experience, so if you want to add something they can do so in the comments.

seo-and-chess-1Content: Content is king, and that’s not a cliché. With the advancement of search algorithms is becoming more important to provide quality content to readers as the content of low quality or copied from another source is quickly filtered.

The content is not merely a vehicle or housing for your keywords, in fact it is the opposite, the idea to position for certain keywords is to show your content to search engine users.

Like everything related to supply and demand, consumers (boaters) do not need more of the same, but need content that really contribute something useful or novel, while your content has at least a little “nugget” is already Useful.

seo-and-chess-2Linking: Content is the king and queen are the links. The links between pages provide context and relevance to the content, I’m talking about all kinds of links, both internal and external.

The time where it mattered more quantity than quality long passed, increasingly worth less links out of context or with little relevance thanks to technological advances of the major search engines.

Common sense tells us that this trend will gradually increase as the engine robots have more and better tools available to analyze data indexing and positioning.

seo-and-chess-3OnPage Optimization: Another very important factor is the OnPage optimization, although we have excellent content and good links there is another factor that plays an important role, serving the information to the search engine robot on a silver platter.

At the end of the day , the idea behind the proper use of the title, meta tags, h1, etc. It is to tell the engine: “HEY! Look, I exist and this talk! “

Give a hand to the robot by wordy code is always welcome and rewarded.

seo-and-chess-4Healthy internal structure: A healthy internal structure of our site gives us a lot more credibility both against users as compared to search engines, fix all broken internal links, avoid duplicate content , “understandable”, URLs etc. They are a basic necessity.

A good internal structure allows both the robot and the navigator easily reach every corner of our site following only a couple of links, which facilitates correct indexing of our entire site.

Many people complain that when optimize the structure of your site get less page impressions , the data are not good or bad in itself, so a drop in impressions can mean that your users get faster to destination, it all depends the eye of the beholder (or how you think monetizing your site).


Keyword research: This point is closely related to the content and linking, nusestro know how to seek potential customers, readers or whatever we seek to turn the navigator is very important.

While there are no exact data in this respect, approximations and averages of monthly searches used to determine the competition for a certain keyword and make decisions based on that.

Some tools to perform keyword research are: Keyword Tool External , SKTools and good pay is Keyword Elite 2.0 , however with the free tools and should give a good fight.

seo-and-chess-6Promote ourselves : All forms of self-promote ourselves with links they are bad? No, it depends on what you do and if you add the link you really add value.

Spamming a lot of directories sites may no longer worth the same as yesterday, but you can write articles to article directories such as: or , we must make these items are not mere copy of the fresh content and we have on our site, usually at the end of the article we can add one or two links pointing to our site.

Another way to promote a site of a company is a theme related blog , the links that come from the blog are good provided they bring added value to the reader and relevant. These are legitimate means of promotion and link building.

And you are the most important pieces are in your game?

11 films and documentaries for chess enthusiasts

16 pieces per player and a board of 64 squares. That’s all it takes to play chess, a board game with even more history and is considered sport .Whether you’re an expert like you’re just a rookie, thanks to the collaboration of xmovies8 we offer you a collection of films and documentaries related to this world: from stories of great chess players, through the Cold War that was also developed on the boards and even how chess unites and helps slum schools offer hope to their students.

Brooklyn Castle (documentary, 2012)

“Imagine a school where children belong … most popular chess team.” Fiction? No: the true story of a small school in Brooklyn . Most students live below the poverty line and chess is for them an escape route. In recent years they have been proclaimed over and over national champions and, in fact, the institute is the most championships won throughout its history.

The documentary focuses on the story of five of his students for a year, showing us not only how the chess program your school has been affected by the numerous budget cuts, but also the difficulties and personal challenges that these guys must overcome day to day. It was very well received among critics after being screened at various festivals, which has served for Sony to be set at the history and acquired the rights to make a movie .

Bobby Fischer Against the World (documentary, 2011)

Another documentary, although in this case on one of the most popular players in history not only features interviews with many of his peers, but also shows for thefirst time never before seen footage of the World Chess Championship 1972 it was decided with what was then known as the Game of the Century between Fischer and Boris Spassky Russian archenemy. “One of the most beautiful films ever shot about chess , ” says Federico Marin Bellon.

Pawn Sacrifice (movie, 2015)

If you still want to know more about Bobby Fischer and his story, the film ‘Pawn Sacrifice’ focuses precisely on his life and how, unwittingly, he was caught in the Cold War between the two superpowers of the time. Tobey Maguire gives life to the protagonist, while Liev Schreiber has been chosen to play Boris Spassky.Although he was in some festivals in 2014, it is not expected to be released in theUS until September this year . In Spain we are still waiting …

Searching for Bobby Fischer (film, 1993)

Although named after Bobby Fischer in the title, it has nothing to do with the chess player known (in fact, it is said that he complained to use their name without permission). Instead, ‘Searching for Bobby Fischer’ tells the story of Joshua Waitzkin , a child prodigy who existed (and exists) in reality. His father wrote a book about the chess world, which is where the film is based check it on putlocker. And darling ,because if you’re a fan of this discipline, you will find a popular teacher cameo along the tape.

Does your argument? Basically Waitzkin life after his family discovered he had a knack for chess and hire a teacher to teach you how to take advantage of their skills to become the next world champion. Throughout the game various items that have been are analyzed retrospectively by other players. However, some criticize several major flaws that it has and that may go unnoticed to the untrained eye.

Computer Chess (movie, 2013)

A strange comedy , shot in black and white to give more authenticity (no, not a documentary but want to seem). It is set in the 80s, when players began to play against some computers. Its director confesses in an interview that they had only a draft script of eight pages and that most of the dialogue is improvised, so you can imagine the improvisation that is present at all times in the final result.

As a result, and also be such a specific subject, the reviews have been quite disparate : some criticize it and much while others believe that it is one of the best comedies of recent times. Chances are that you like if you’re a big fan of chess or computers (preferably both), but if you can not be quite heavy and boring.

The Dark Horse (film, 2014)

Project originating in New Zealand swept all national awards (and took occasional international) in 2014. The story, though it is told in film form, it is inspired by the life and work of Genesis Potini a popular chess player with bipolar disorder trying to teach the most disadvantaged youth in your community to play chess to prevent them from becoming criminals.

Game Over: Kasparov and the Machine (documentary, 2003)

For those who do not understand much about chess, yes there is a time in recent years with which we are very familiar: the “battle” between Kasparov and Deep Blue . In 1996, this machine designed by IBM faced for the first time against Garry Kasparov, one of the best players in history. He won a game, but Kasparov emerged victorious in the series. Things changed in 1997 with Deep Blue crownedas the first machine winning a World Chess Championship.

However, Kasparov was not entirely happy with the result and even hinted that the movements of Deep Blue had a touch of creativity, something impossible for a machine with artificial intelligence and that only could be explained by the intervention of a human. The HBO documentary echoes these accusations andanalyzes the controversy that then emerged, with interviews with Kasparov himself, people from IBM and other experts.

Long Live the Queen (children’s film, 1995)

It will not win an Oscar because it is not anything special , but this Dutch film 1995 can be a good way to start in chess to the smallest of the house. Tells the story of a girl with a great imagination that he misses his father, a chess champion who has just seen. He decides to learn to play but it does very peculiar way: through a story and enchanted pieces that can speak.

Geri’s Game (short, 1997)

It was the first Pixar short (that position is occupied ‘ Luxo Jr. ‘, 1986), but it is one of the most popular films of the history of animation studio. However, yes that was a pioneer in something: it was the first time that Pixar was a human being in a short.

In ‘Geri’s Game’ is an old man playing against himself in a chess game that develops intensely in a park. It was screened in some cinemas in 1997, although its success came in 1998 after being included in the VHS and DVD of ‘Bug ‘s Life’.So much was the impact that the short film was the Oscar for Best Animated Short Film , among many other international awards.

Chess Fever (movie, 1925)

A silent and black and white movie recorded in Russia in 1925 which is defined as “a story of love, obsession … and chess!”. Although the style does not call too, it will seem rather curious because using some actual images recorded during the annual tournament that year. Jose Raul Capablanca , a Cuban chess player, plays the protagonist, while also reveal, among others, Frank Marshall , Rudolf Spielmann , Carlos Torre and Frederick Yates .

Dangerous Moves (film, 1984)

French – Swiss co – production in 1984 was nominated for several international awards , including the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film and a Golden Globe for Best Foreign Film, although none of the awards did not take. The story takes place in 1983, during the celebration of a prestigious chess tournament also staged political tensions that existed at that time. In fact, although the title cluelessness, we are facing a new mistranslation on his arrival in Spain ( ‘La Diagonale du Fou’ in the original French, it should be ‘The diagonal of the bishop’ in Castilian, but “fou” also means “crazy”).

While it is a fiction film, has several parallels with some events on chess which actually occurred, as explained by the criticism of Beatlespock in BFI :

The film makes many winks to real chess events: the Match of the Century between Spassky and Fischer in 1972 in Reykyavik and the World Chess Championship between Anatoli Karpov 1978 Viktor Korchnoi and. Pavius Fromm (Alexandre Arbatt) is a kind of mixture of great Bobby Fischer and Korchnoi, a Russian – Swiss; and Liebskind (Michel Piccoli) and his cohort of teachers surely represents the purest Soviet faction manipulates at will to its ablest citizens in favor of communist supremacy. Recall the role of Karpov vs. Kasparov in his memorable duels 80, immobilism against perestroika. ( Critique of Beatlespock in BFI ).

Bonus Track: If you like chess and you’re curious about some of the scenes with board and chips as protagonists, I recommend this collection , where they analyze the positions on the board and also some gaffes.